Yom Kippur 2019
Yom Kippur 2019 will begin on October 8, and it will end on October 9. Yom Kippur is considered the most important holiday in Jewish culture. In the Hebrew calendar, it is the first day of the new year.
When Do We Celebrate Yom Kippur?
In the Hebrew calendar, Yom Kippur is celebrated on the 10th day of the month of Tishrei. In the Gregorian calendar, Tishrei usually falls between September and October. Because of this, Yom Kippur does not have a fixed date in the Gregorian calendar.
Why Do We Celebrate Yom Kippur?
Yom Kippur is considered the holiest day in Jewish faith. In Hebrew, “Yom” translates to “Day”, while “Kippur” means “to atone”. Yom Kippur marks the end of the High Holy Days or Days of Awe. This series of days begins with Rosh Hashanah. It is believed that on Rosh Hashanah, God opens the Book of Life in which person’s fate for the year is inscribed. Following Rosh Hashanah are the Ten Days of Repentance. During these days, Jews may still change their fate for the year to come, by repenting for sins they have committed against God or against people in their community.
On Yom Kippur, observant Jews usually spend their day fasting and praying for the forgivness of their sins. They also take the opportunity to confess their sins both publically and privately.
Yom Kippur is marked by five prayer services at the synagogue, the most services of any holy day. On the eve of Yom Kippur The Ark is opened, and the Torah scrolls are taken out by two people. These people stand on either side of the cantor, and all three invite declare that during this prayer, the lawful are allowed to pray with the sinners.
Following this invitation, the Kol Nidre is recited. Kol Nidre, sometimes referred to as a prayer, but stricly more of a declaration, annulls all vows made before God, to God or to other people. The words Kol Nidre are in fact, the first words of the declaration, meaing “All vows”. The recitation of Kol Nidre preemptively absolves all Jews of any vows they might not keep, for whatever reason, in the year to come.