Daylight Saving Begins 2018
In the United States, in 2018 the time change for Daylight Saving Time (DST) will be on Sunday, March 11, and revert to standard time on Sunday, November 4. In the spring, on March’s second Sunday, clocks “spring forward” from 1:59 a.m. to 3:00 a.m. In the fall, on November’s first Sunday, clocks “fall back” from 1:59 a.m. to 1:00 a.m.
Why 2:00 a.m.?
At that hour most people are at home, it is late enough not to stress out the owners of restaurants and bars regarding closing times, people won’t make a mistake and turn time back to the day before, the switch occurs before daybreak, and workers with an early shift and those who go to an early church service are not affected.
The correct spelling
Many call the day “Daylight Savings” with an “s” at the end. However, that is incorrect as the official spelling is “Saving.” “Daylight Shifting Time” or “Daylight Time Shifting” would be more accurate, but the common usage remains “Daylight Saving”.
Who invented DST?
Benjamin Franklin, the genius American inventor and at that time ambassador to Paris, sent an essay, “An Economical Project for Diminishing the Cost of Light,” to The Journal of Paris in 1784 about conserving energy. More official credit is given to George Hudson, a New Zealander, who proposed the idea in 1895. On April 30, 1916, Austria-Hungary and the German Empire organized the first nation-wide implementation to conserve fuel during World War I. The United States began in 1918.
What are the benefits?
We supposedly see energy savings although we really do not as DST does not change the amount of natural daylight, just the timing of it by the move of an hour of daylight from morning to evening. It is more logical that DST is employed to make better use of the daylight in the evenings to create fewer road accidents, reduce the amount of energy needed for artificial lighting in the evenings, and be of benefit to those who have chores or sports activities and such in the early evening hours.
What countries use DST?
Less than 40 percent of the world’s countries use DST according to timeanddate.com. Most of North America, Europe, sections of southeastern Australia, sections of southern South America, and a few others use DST. The majority of equatorial Africa and some other places near the equator have never used DST.